Common Problems

At Sonneveld Orthodontics, Dr. Thomas C. Sonneveld provides exceptional orthodontic care to patients of all ages living in Orland Park, Oak Forest, Tinley Park and the surrounding areas. We use all the latest types of braces, including Invisalign clear aligners, and cutting-edge technology. The variety of orthodontic treatments we offer allow us to correct a range of common orthodontic problems.

When the teeth or jaws are misaligned, orthodontic treatment may be necessary for realignement. If left untreated, many orthodontic problems, or maloclussions, can cause premature wear of the protective enamel on teeth, speech difficulties, or even raise the risk of injuring the teeth and jaw joints. Below are some of the most common types of orthodontic problems Dr. Sonneveld routinely treats to help his patients achieve their best smiles.


underbite.pngAn underbite occurs when the lower front teeth sit in front of the upper front teeth.


crossbite.pngA crossbite is characterized by the upper teeth sitting inside the lower teeth. This type of malocclusion can cause tooth stratification and misaligned jaw growth, with the lower jaw moving forward or to the side when the mouth closes.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion

protrusion.pngIf the upper teeth extend too far forward or the lower teeth do not extend far enough forward, this causes protruding teeth. This is an orthodontic problem that can affect both the appearance and function of the teeth.


overbite.pngIn an overbite, the upper front teeth extend too far out over the lower front teeth. This can cause the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth. People with overbites often have “gummy” smiles, protruding lips, and experience excessive wear on their incisors.


crowding.pngCrowding of the teeth occurs when there is not enough room available for the permanent teeth to emerge from the gums. Crowding is the most common reason patients get braces. Not only do patients find that crowded teeth are unattractive, but crowded teeth can also lead to dental decay and gum disease due to it being difficult to thoroughly clean teeth.


spacing.pngThis orthodontic problem is most commonly caused by excessive jaw room wherein the permanent teeth come in with spaces between them.


openbite.pngAn open bite occurs when the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap as they should. An openbite can lead to undesirable habits like thumb sucking or tongue thrusting.

Dental Midlines not Matched

midlines.pngDental midlines that do not match are evident when the back bite does not fit and match appropriately. This can negatively impact proper jaw and dental function.

Visit Your Orland Park & Oak Forest Orthodontist

If you think you or your child may have one of these orthodontic problems, please request an appointment with our Orland Park orthodontic office today. At your first visit with us, Dr. Sonneveld will provide you with a thorough examination followed by a discussion of his findings and any recommended treatment. We look forward to seeing you soon and helping you achieve a healthy and attractive smile!